Palace of Holyroodhouse
NT 269-739 Midlothian Scotland
The Palace of Holyroodhouse was originally an early 16th century stone Gothic palace and courtyard fortress, founded by King James IV. A tower, hall, chapel and gatehouse were constructed in the outer court of the Augustinian Abbey of Holyrood, which was originally founded by King David I in 1128. During the English 'Rough Wooing' invasion in 1544, the abbey and palace were burned and looted by troops under the Earl of Hertford. Only King James IV's tower with its round corner turrets, which now stands on the north-west angle of the palace, survived their destruction. It was in the Queen’s chambers in 1566, that Lord Darnley help in the murder of David Rizzio, while he was in the presence of Mary, Queen of Scot's. In the mid to late 17th century, Holyrood was reconstructed into a rectangular Renaissancere courtyard palace, with the old and a new tower block to the fore. This left the King James IV's tower and a fragment of the gatehouse, the only remains of the 16th century Gothic palace. Nearby is Croft an Righ House and a mile west is Edinburgh Castle.
Palace of Holyroodhouse is located in Edinburgh, off Abbey Strand. A mile east of Edinburgh city centre, on Calton Road.
The site is a Royal Palace and Residence and is open daily, April to October 09:30-6:00pm, November to March 09:30-4:30pm. Last admissions are 5:00pm in the summer and 3:30pm in the winter. Closed during Royal visits, in September and December, check the website for dates.
There are car parks nearby.